Captain Jack's Stronghold - Lava Beds National Monument

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Captain Jack was the Principal Chief of the Modocs. His name in their language was Kintpuash. Thanks to the numeroud lava outcroppings and caves, it was hard for the Army to attack the Modoc. It was only when the Army managed to cut them off from Tula Lake, their only source of water, that the Army finally made headway against the Modoc. This was the Modoc's Stronghold. it is usually called "Captain Jack's Stronghold". - Captain Jack's Stronghold - Lava Beds National Monument -

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